Da'i al-Mutlaq

The term Dā'ī al-Mutlaq (Arabic: الداعي المطلق) literally means "the absolute or unrestricted missionary". In the Fatimid era Ismā'īlī faith, the term dā'ī has been used to refer to important religious leaders other than the hereditary Imāms, and the Da'wa or "Mission" is a clerical-style organisation. "The Da'wa" was a term for the Ismā'īlī faith itself from early on. They are also called Dā'ī Syednas.


According to Tayyabī Musta'lī Ismā'īlī tradition, before the last Mustaali Imam, Taiyab abi al-Qasim went into state of occultation, his father, the 20th Imām al-Amīr had instructed Queen Arwa al-Sulayhi/Al-Hurra Al-Malika in Yemen to anoint a vicegerent after the occultation - the Dāʻī al-Mutlaq, who as the Imām's vicegerent, has full authority to govern the community in all matters both spiritual and temporal.[1] During the Imam's occultation, the Dā'ī al-Mutlaq is appointed by his predecessor in office. The Madhun (also spelt Mazoon) and Mukasir are in turn appointed by the Dā'ī al-Mutlaq. The first Da'i al-Mutlaq of the Taiyabi Ismaili branch of Musta'lī Ismā'īlīisects Syedna Zoeb bin Moosa.[2]

The Dā'ī al-Mutlaq is recognised in English law as a corporation sole, by a private act of Parliament passed in 1993.[3]

Dawoodi Bohras

Currently, within the Dawoodi Bohra sect, the 53rd Dā'ī al-Mutlaq is under dispute. One claimant is Mufaddal Saifuddin, whilst the other claimant was Khuzaima Qutbuddin who died on 30 March 2016. On 31 March 2016 the family of Khuzaima Qutbuddin released a statement that "Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin has conferred nass (announcement of successor) on his son Syedna Taher Fakhruddin".[4] Following the death of claimant Khuzaima Qutbuddin in the US on the 30th of March 2016, the Bombay High Court cancelled the further court dates and the case will be abated if no further action is taken. However, Fakhruddin's legal team indicates that they intend to pursue the matter further.[5]

Alavi Bohras

This title is also used in the Alavi Bohra community to refer to their leader (in the Persian form "Da'i-ye Motlæq") for similar reasons.

See also


  1. "The Dawoodi Bohras - The Dal Al Mutlaq". thedawoodibohras.com. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
  2. "The Dawoodi Bohras - The Dal Al Mutlaq". thedawoodibohras.com. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
  3. Dawat-e-Hadiyah Act 1993 (c. x) at Legislation.gov.uk
  4. http://www.asianage.com/mumbai/syedna-s-death-won-t-affect-succession-row-high-court-717
  5. With death of Syedna's uncle, his succession suit abates: HC

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/20/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.