Kano State

Kano State
Flag of Kano State
Nickname(s): Centre of Commerce

Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.500°N 8.500°E / 11.500; 8.500Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.500°N 8.500°E / 11.500; 8.500
Country  Nigeria
Date created May 27, 1967
Capital Kano
  Governor[1] Dr Abdullahi Umar Ganduje
  Representatives List
  Total 20,131 km2 (7,773 sq mi)
Area rank 20th of 36
Population (2006 census)[2]
  Total 9,383,682
  Estimate (2011) 11,058,300[3]
  Rank 1st of 36
  Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
  Year 2007
  Total $12.39 billion[4]
  Per capita $1,288[4]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-KN
Website kano.gov.ng
^1 Preliminary results

Kano State is a state located in North-Western Nigeria.[5] Created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, Kano state borders Katsina State to the north-west, Jigawa State to the north-east, Bauchi State to the south-east and Kaduna State to the south-west. The capital of Kano State is Kano.

The state originally included Jigawa State which was made a separate state in 1991.

Economy and society


Subsistence and commercial agriculture is mostly practiced in the outlying districts of the state. Some of the food crops cultivated are millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize and rice for local consumption while groundnuts and cotton are produced for export and industrial purposes. During the colonial period and several years after the country’s independence, the groundnuts produced in the state constituted one of the major sources revenue of the country. Kano State is a major producer of hides and skins, sesame, soybean, cotton, garlic, gum arabic and chili pepper.


Commercial activities in Kano first developed with the establishment of the Kurmi market by the Emir of Kano Muhammadu Rumfa in the 16th Century CE. Subsequent leaders made contributions to the emergence of Kano as a leading commercial center in Sudanic Africa. During the Caliphate period in the 19th century the Emirs Ibrahim Dado and Sulaimanu encouraged traders to move from Katsina, capitalising on raids from the Hausa Sultanate of Maradi. The Jihad leaders of the Caliphate encouraged Kola nut trade and Kano was the greatest beneficiary with an annual turnover of about $30 million. Craft industries also evolved in the pre-colonial period contributing to the prosperity of the province.


Kano State is the second largest industrial center in Nigeria and the largest in Northern Nigeria with textile, tanning, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, enamelware, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, furniture and other industries. Others include agricultural implements, soft drinks, food and beverages, dairy products, vegetable oil, animal feeds etc.


The tourist attractions in the state include:

Local Government Areas

Kano State consists of forty-four (44) Local Government Areas (LGAs). They are:

LGA Name Area (km2) Census 2006
Administrative capital Postal
Local Government Chairman and the Head of the Local Government Council
Fagge 21 198,828 Waje 700 Alh. Habibu Saleh Mai Lemo (APC)
Dala 19 418,777 Gwamaja 700 Alh. Ibrahim Suleiman Dan’isle (APC)
Gwale 18 362,059 Gwale 700 Alh. Abdullahi Zubair Imam (APC)
Kano Municipal 17 365,525 Kofar Kudu 700 Alh. Mukhtari Ishaq Yakasai (APC)
Tarauni 28 221,367 Unguwa Uku 700 Engr. Mukhtar Umar Zakari (APC)
Nassarawa 34 596,669 Bompai 700 Alh. Lamin Sani Kawaji (APC)
Kumbotso 158 295,979 Kumbotso 700 Alh. Lawan Isma'il (APC)
Ungogo 204 369,657 Ungogo 700 Alh. Shehu Aliyu Ungogo (APC)
Kano Metropolitan Area 499 2,828,861 700
Dawakin Tofa 479 247,875 Dawakin Tofa 701 Alh. Saleh Rabiu (APC)
Tofa 202 97,734 Tofa 701 Alh. Yaro Inuwa (APC)
Rimin Gado 225 104,790 Rimin Gado 701 Alh. Halliru Audu Yalwa (APC)
Bagwai 405 162,847 Bagwai 701 Alh. Ado Isyaku Daddauda (APC)
Gezawa 340 282,069 Gezawa 702 Alh. Ibrahim Isa Jogana (APC)
Gabasawa 605 211,055 Zakirai 702 Alh. Ghali Adamu Garun Danga (APC)
Minjibir 416 213,794 Minjibir 702 Alh. Nasiru Garba Kunya (APC)
Dambatta 732 207,968 Dambatta 702 Muhammadu Audu Wango (APC)
Makoda 441 222,399 Makoda 702 Abubakar Salisu Makoda (APC)
Kunchi 671 111,018 Kunchi 703 Alh. Aminu Adamu Gwarmai (APC)
Bichi 612 277,099 Bichi 703 Alh. Muhammad Sani Muqaddas (APC)
Tsanyawa 492 157,680 Tsanyawa 703 Alh. Safiyanu Muhammad (APC)
Shanono 697 140,607 Shanono 704 Alh. Malami Ibrahim Shanono (APC)
Gwarzo 393 183,987 Gwarzo 704 Alh. Sunusi Abdullahi Gwarzo (APC)
Karaye 479 141,407 Karaye 704 Alh. Ibrahim Ahmad Karaye (APC)
Rogo 802 227,742 Rogo 704 Alh. Abubakar Mustapha Rogo (APC)
Kabo 341 153,828 Kabo 704 Alh. Mamuda Idris Kabo (APC)
Northern Kano State 8,332 3,143,899 701 to 704
Bunkure 487 170,891 Bunkure 710 Alh. Rabiu Bala (APC)
Kibiya 404 136,736 Kibiya 710 Yusuf Shehu Kibiya (APC)
Rano 520 145,439 Rano 710 Alh. Muhammadu Ubale Dan-Kawu (APC)
Tudun Wada 1,204 231,742 Tudun Wada 710 Engr. Ibrahim Nayola (APC)
Doguwa 1,473 151,181 Riruwai 710 Alh. Ali Abdu Doguwa (APC)
Madobi 273 136,623 Madobi 711 Alh. Lurwanu Umar Kanwa (APC)
Kura 206 144,601 Kura 711 Alh. Basiru Abubakar Turaki (APC)
Garun Mallam 214 116,494 Garun Mallam 711 Alh. Sa'adu Abashe (APC)
Bebeji 717 188,859 Bebeji 711 Alh. Mudansir Umar Bebeji (APC)
Kiru 927 264,781 Kiru 711 Nasiru Mu'azu Kiru (APC)
Sumaila 1,250 253,661 Sumaila 712 Abdulhamid Idris Rimi (APC)
Garko 450 162,500 Garko 712 Arc. Hamza Said Garun Ali (APC)
Takai 598 202,743 Takai 712 Alh. Inusa Abdullahi Dambazau (APC)
Albasu 398 190,153 Albasu 712 Alh. Hamisu Abdulhamid (APC)
Gaya 613 201,016 Gaya 713 Alh. Lawan Saleh (APC)
Ajingi 714 174,137 Ajingi 713 Alh. Isa Abdulkadir Tsangaya (APC)
Wudil 362 185,189 Wudil 713 Bello Abubakar (APC)
Warawa 360 128,787 Warawa 713 Alh. Ibrahim Abdullahi Danlasan (APC)
Dawakin Kudu 384 225,389 Dawakin Kudu 713 Alh. Maikudi Yusuf 'Yargaya (APC)
Southern Kano State 11,554 3,410,922 710 to 713


The official language of Kano State is Hausa language, but Fulani languages is commonly spoken. [6]


According to the 2016 PON census (unofficial) figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totaling 16,383,682. Officially, Kano State is the most populous state in the country.[5] The state is mostly populated by Hausa people.[7]

See also


  1. See List of Governors of Kano State for a list of prior governors
  2. "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA : 2006 Population Census" (PDF). Web.archive.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  3. "Nigeria:Federal States & Major Cities- Statistics & Maps on City Population". CITYPOPULATION. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
  4. 1 2 "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  5. 1 2 Archived January 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa (2003). "Brief History of Kano 999 to 2003". http://www.kanostate.net/. Kano State Government Nigeria. Retrieved 2009-12-07. External link in |work= (help)
  7. http://www.onlinenigeria.com/map.gif

"Commercial Agriculture Development Project (CADP)". 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 

Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Kano.
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