For the 1970 Rajesh Khanna film, see Safar (film). For the village in Iran, see Safar, Iran.

Safar (Arabic: صَفَر) is the second month in the Islamic calendar.

Safar means to be yellow. When the names of the months were being given it was the season of autumn and the leaves of the trees were yellow.

This word means "whistling of the wind". When this name was assigned to this month, it was probably a windy time of the year. Most of the Islamic months were named according to weather conditions at the time. However, since they are based on the moon, the months shift about 11 days every year. So, the seasons do not necessarily correspond to the name of the month anymore.


The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Safar migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Safar are as follows (based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia[1]):

AH First day (CE / AD) Last day (CE / AD)
1431 16 January 2010 14 February 2010
1432   5 January 2011   3 February 2011
1433 26 December 2011 23 January 2012
1434 14 December 2012 12 January 2013
1435   4 December 2013   1 January 2014
1436 23 November 2014 22 December 2014
1437 13 November 2015 11 December 2015
Safar dates between 2010 and 2015

Islamic Events


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