Thomas Mackenzie

For other people named Thomas Mackenzie, see Thomas Mackenzie (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
Sir Thomas Mackenzie
18th Prime Minister of New Zealand
In office
28 March 1912  10 July 1912
Monarch George V
Governor John Dickson-Poynder
Preceded by Joseph Ward
Succeeded by William Massey
Constituency Egmont
Personal details
Born (1853-03-10)10 March 1853
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died 14 February 1930(1930-02-14) (aged 76)
Dunedin, New Zealand
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Ida Henrietta Nantes
Children 7
Religion Presbyterian

Sir Thomas Mackenzie GCMG (10 March 1853 14 February 1930) was a Scottish-born New Zealand politician and explorer who briefly served as the 18th Prime Minister of New Zealand in 1912, and later served as New Zealand High Commissioner in London.

Early years

Mackenzie was born in Edinburgh. His family emigrated to New Zealand in 1858 when he was four and Mackenzie was educated at Green Island School and at the Stone School, both in Dunedin. He tried his hand at surveying, farming and commerce.[1]

Member of Parliament

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
18871890 10th Clutha Independent
18901893 11th Clutha Liberal
18931896 12th Clutha Liberal
19001902 14th Waihemo Liberal
19021905 15th Waikouaiti Liberal
19051908 16th Waikouaiti Liberal
19081911 17th Taieri Liberal
19111912 18th Egmont Liberal

Mackenzie was elected to the New Zealand Parliament for Clutha in 1887. He resigned in 1896 to assess the British markets for New Zealand products and remained in his native land for three years. On his return to New Zealand he was elected to Parliament successively for Waihemo 1900–1902, Waikouaiti 1902–1908, Taieri 1908–1911 and Egmont (in the North Island) 1911–1912, never losing an election.

Mackenzie was also a notable explorer. He was a member of expeditions to the Tautuku Forest (1883), the wild country between Milford Sound and Lake Te Anau (1888; discovered the Sutherland Falls), and the Matterhorn Mountains (1888; discovered a pass between Lake Manapouri and Hall Arm). He was the first person to try to map an overland route to Dusky Sound (18941896). He crossed the land between Lake Te Anau and Lake Wakatipu in 1907.

Minister and Prime Minister

In January 1909 he was appointed Minister of Industries and Commerce, Tourist and Health Resorts, Scenery Preservation and State Forestry Departments in the government of Sir Joseph Ward. In May he also became Minister of Agriculture with a seat in the Cabinet. He was then successively Minister of Customs, Minister of Education and Postmaster-General. In May 1912 he succeeded Ward as Prime Minister and also served as Minister of Lands.

Mackenzie's Ministry was criticised by both the opposition and Liberal dissidents. Liberal MP Roderick McKenzie stated that Mackenzie's ministers were political novices who had forsaken their liberal principles and John Millar should have been Ward's successor as Prime Minister.[2]

The Mackenzie government survived only until July 1912 when he lost a vote of no confidence and was appointed High Commissioner in London. He served in this role until 1920 and was New Zealand delegate at the peace conferences with Austria, Bulgaria and Turkey in 1919, a member of the Dardanelles Commission and the Imperial War Graves Commission (later the Commonwealth War Graves Conmmission). In March 1921 he was appointed member of the New Zealand Legislative Council for Otago.

Later years

He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in the 1916 New Year Honours[3] and promoted to Knight Grand Cross (GCMG) in June 1920.[4]

His son Clutha Mackenzie who was blinded at Gallipoli was active in work for the blind.[1] In 1923 he supported Val Sanderson in establishing the Native Bird Protection Society (later the Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society of New Zealand) and was the society's first president.[5]

Mackenzie died in Dunedin in 1930 and was buried in the Dunedin Northern Cemetery.[6]

See also


  1. 1 2 Brooking, Tom. "Mackenzie, Thomas Noble 1853–1930". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  2. Bassett 1982, p. 12-13.
  3. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29423. p. 82. 31 December 1915. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  4. The Edinburgh Gazette: no. 13609. p. 1523. 29 June 1920. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  5. Galbreath, Ross. "Ernest Valentine Sanderson". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  6. "Cemeteries search". Dunedin City Council. Retrieved 20 December 2014.


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thomas Mackenzie.
Government offices
Preceded by
Joseph Ward
Prime Minister of New Zealand
Succeeded by
William Massey
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
James William Thomson
Member of Parliament for Clutha
Succeeded by
James William Thomson
Preceded by
John McKenzie
Member of Parliament for Waihemo
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Edmund Allen
Member of Parliament for Waikouaiti
Preceded by
Donald Reid
Member of Parliament for Taieri
Preceded by
Bradshaw Dive
Member of Parliament for Egmont
Succeeded by
Charles Wilkinson
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
William Hall-Jones
High Commissioner of New Zealand to the United Kingdom
Succeeded by
James Allen
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