Marwan I

Marwan I
مروان بن الحكم
Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate
Reign June 684 – 12 April 685
Predecessor Muawiya II
Successor Abd al-Malik
Born 28 March 623
At-Ta'if, Arabia,
Died 12 April 685 (aged 62)
Issue Abd al-Malik, Abd al-Aziz, Muhammad
Full name
Marwan ibn al-Hakam
Dynasty Umayyad
Father Hakam ibn Wa'il

Marwan ibn al-Hakam ibn Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah (Arabic: مروان بن الحكم بن ابو العاص بن أمية; March 28, 623 – 7 May, 685) a Sahaba and also was the fourth Umayyad Caliph; he succeeded Muawiya II, who abdicated in 684. He was the cousin of Uthman ibn Affan, the third of the Rashidun caliphs. Marwan's ascension pointed to a shift in the lineage of the Umayyad dynasty from descendants of Abu Sufyan (the "Sufyanids") to those of Hakam (the "Marwanids"), both of whom were grandsons of Umayya (for whom the Umayyad dynasty is named). Hakam was also the uncle of Uthman ibn Affan.

His family tree

Quraysh tribe
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
Ātikah bint Murrah
‘Abd Shams
Salma bint Amr
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
‘Abd al-Muttalib
Abu al-'As
ʿAbd Allāh
Abî Ṭâlib
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harb
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
(Family tree)
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
`Alî ibn Abî Ṭâlib
Khawlah bint Ja'far
ʿAbd Allâh
Marwan I
Uthman ibn Affan
Fatima Zahra
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allâh
Yazid I
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
Hasan ibn Ali
Husayn bin Ali
(Family tree)
al-Mukhtār ibn Abī ‘Ubayd Allah al-Thaqafī
Muhammad "al-Imâm" (Abbasids)

Status as Sahaba

Despite being controversial figure and his being remembered for killing the Prophet's companion Talhah, Marwan bin Hakam was accepted as Sahaba generally by Islamic scholarly consensus as evidenced by a reprimand from scholar of Nahdletul Ulema from Indonesia regarding some Muslim figures such as Marwan as one of the topic. which he give Marwan the honorific title of Radhi Allahu Anhu(RA),[1] which common honorific title of Sahaba or Tabi'un.[2]

Another evidence according to fiqh were there are hadiths which transmitting was traced to Marwan which is compiled by Sahih Bukhari[3][4] and Tirmidhi.[5] as it is the nature to the ruling of Hadith transmission by Sahaba was explained by Haji gibril that Consensus among Ahl al-Sunna that the Sahaba are all of the highest probity which inhibiting the first chain of narration[6]


External links

Marwan I
Born: March 28, 623 Died: May 7, 685
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Muawiyah II
Caliph of Islam
Umayyad Caliph

684 – May 7, 685
Succeeded by
Abd al-Malik
Political offices
Preceded by
Said ibn al-As
Governor of Madina
Succeeded by
Walid ibn Utbah ibn Abi Sufyan
Preceded by
Said ibn al-As
Governor of Madina
Succeeded by
Said ibn al-As
Preceded by
Governor of Madina
Succeeded by
Said ibn al-As
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