Umayyad family tree

This is a family tree of the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from Umayya ibn Abd Shams. Umayya's great-grandson Muawiyah I founded the Umayyad Caliphate in 661, and transferred its capital to Damascus, Syria. The Sufyanid branch to which Muawiyah belonged ceased to exercise power following the abdication of Muawiya II in 684. Power shifted to the Marwanid branch, which continued to rule the caliphate until the Umayyads were displaced and massacred by the Abbasids in 750 (see Battle of the Zab). An Umayyad prince named Abd ar-Rahman managed to escape the massacre, and fled to the Iberian peninsula (Al-Andalus) where he established an independent emirate ruled from the city of Córdoba. His descendants continued to rule the Emirate of Córdoba, which Abd-ar-Rahman III elevated to the status of caliphate in 929. The Caliphate of Córdoba disintegrated into several independent taifa kingdoms in 1031, thus bringing to a definitive end the rule of the Umayyads.

The descendants of Umayya ibn Abd Shams and ʿAbd al-Muttalib

ʿAbd Manaf
ʿAbd Shams
Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
ʿAbd al-Muttalib
Harb ibn Umayyah
Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah
Abd Allah ibn ʿAbd al-Muttalib
Abu Talib ibn Abdul Muttalib
Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
Al-Hakam ibn Abi al-'As
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
Ali el-Mûrtadhâ (Family tree)
Khawlah bint Ja'far
ʿAbd Allâh bin `Abbâs
Muawiyah I
Marwan I
Uthman ibn Affan
Ruqqayah bint Muhammad
Fatimah Zahra
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allâh
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
Hasan al-Mûjtabâ
Husayn (Family tree)
Mukhtar al-Thaqafi
Muhammed "el-İmâm"

Family tree[1]


  Umayyad Caliphs of Damascus (661–750)
  Umayyad Emirs of Córdoba (756–929)
  Umayyad Caliphs of Córdoba (929–1031)

See also


Umayyads of Damascus
Umayyads of Córdoba



  1. Note: The reader should be aware of the fact that Uthman (indicated in blue color) is the nephew of Al-Hakam ibn Abi al-'As, not a brother of Abu Sufyan as it was incorrectly drawn and placed in the following schematic diagram.
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