Murad V

Murad V
مراد خامس
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
33rd Ottoman Sultan (Emperor)
Reign 30 May 1876 – 31 August 1876
Predecessor Abdülaziz
Successor Abdülhamid II
Born (1840-09-21)21 September 1840
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died 29 August 1904(1904-08-29) (aged 63)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Burial 30 August 1904
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Consorts Elaru Kadın
Reftarıdil Kadın
Şayan Kadın
Meyliservet Kadın
Resan Hanım
Issue Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin
Şehzade Süleyman
Şehzade Seyfeddin
Hatice Sultan
Fehime Sultan
Fatma Sultan
Aliye Sultan
Full name
Murad bin Abdul Mecid
Dynasty Osmanli (Ottoman)
Father Abdülmecid I
Mother Şevkefza Sultan
Religion Islam

Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس) (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.

He was born at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople.[1] His father was Abdülmecid I. His mother, whom his father married in Constantinople on 1 August 1839, was Şevkefza Valide Sultan, an ethnic Circassian[2][3][4] from the Ubykh tribe, daughter of Mehmed Bey Zaurum and his wife Cemile Hanım.[5]


Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture. He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was supposedly mentally ill; however his opponents may simply have used those grounds to stop his implementation of democratic reforms.[6] As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then ruled by Alexander II.

Murad V was the first and only sultan member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.[7][8]

He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople, and was buried in Constantinople on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended the throne on 31 August 1876.


Murad married five times and had seven children. His marriages were:


  1. Britannica, Istanbul: Until the Turkish Post Office officially changed the name in 1930, however, the city continued to bear the millenary name of Constantinople.
  2. Açba, Harun (2007). "Bölüm 2: Sultan I. Abdülhamid Han Ailesi". Kadınefendiler: Son Dönem Osmanlı Padişah Eşleri (in Turkish) (1 ed.). Istanbul: Prolil Yayıncılık. p. 28.
  3. Turkish Historical Society XXXI. Türk Tarih Kurumu Osmanlı Tarihi Interaktif CD-ROM
  5. İbrahim Pazan (2007). Padişah anneleri. Babıali Kültür Yayıncılığı. ISBN 978-9944-118-31-6.
  6. Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, 1992. Page 141–143.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 Harun Açba (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839 – 1924. Profil. ISBN 978-975-996-109-1.
Murad V
Born: 21 September 1840 Died: 29 August 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Caliph of Islam
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
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